Philippines signs treaty banning nuclear weapons

Philippines signs treaty banning nuclear weapons

"We call on Member-States that possess the world's largest nuclear arsenals to sign on to the treaty", Cayetano said on the sidelines of the 72nd Session of the United Nations General Assembly.

Before the day was out, 50 states as different as Indonesia and Ireland had put their names to the treaty; others can sign later if they like.

However, the countries with nuclear weapons and their allies are not involved in the negotiations.

"This morning Indonesia has signed the Treaty on Nuclear Weapons Ban", Minister Marsudi said, Wednesday (9/20/2017), in NY.

U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres described the treaty as "a milestone", calling it "an important step toward the universally-held goal of a world free of nuclear weapons". The treaty prohibits the development, testing, production, manufacturing, or possession of nuclear explosive devices. The United States, the United Kingdom and France issued a joint press statement declaring they "have not taken part in the negotiation of the treaty ... and do not intend to sign, ratify or ever become party to it". "It has the potential to prevent a nuclear arms race and an escalation of regional and bilateral tensions", he added.

States began signing the pact Wednesday. Neither Belgium nor any of NATO's 29 members are among the nations expected to sign it.

World Council of Churches general secretary Rev. Olav Fykse Tveit has expressed thanksgiving for a treaty to ban nuclear weapons that was formally opened for signature.

Nuclear powers say the nonproliferation treaty is making a difference. According to Costa Rica's Elayne Whyte Gomez, president of the conference: "This is a very clear statement that the global community wants to move to a. security paradigm that does not include nuclear weapons".

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FILE - In this August 6, 2015, file photo, Kazumi Matsui, right, mayor of Hiroshima, and the family of the deceased bow before they place the victims list of the Atomic Bomb at Hiroshima Memorial Cenotaph during the ceremony to mark the 70th anniversary of the bombing at the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park in Hiroshima, western Japan.

A total of 122 countries had voted in favour of adopting the treaty, while The Netherlands was the only country that voted against it - Singapore abstained. The bombings of Hiroshima on August 6 of that year and Nagasaki three days later ushered in the nuclear era.

Moreover, several nuclear powers have effectively offset reductive progress by developing or deploying new nuclear weapon delivery systems, or announcing their intention to do so.

Peter Maurer, the president of the International Committee of the Red Cross, also participated in the ceremony. "The world will only be safe if we eliminate all weapons of mass destruction". "Humanity simply can not live under the dark shadow of nuclear warfare, and the huge suffering which we all know would result". If they follow through by ratifying it, the treaty will take effect.

Some 90 people gathered in front of the Atomic Bomb Dome.

Guyana, the Vatican and Thailand have already ratified the treaty.

China - Asia's biggest nuclear power - has embarked on a long-term modernization program focused on making qualitative improvements to its nuclear forces, rather than on significantly increasing their size.

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