Almost One-Quarter of Adults Have Cancer-Causing HPV, Research Finds

Almost One-Quarter of Adults Have Cancer-Causing HPV, Research Finds

The most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States is HPV. In fact, the CDC notes that "nearly all sexually active men and women get it at some point in their lives".

Cervical cancer is the most common HPV-associated cancer among women, while cancers of the back of the throat, including the base of the tongue and tonsil, are the most common among men. The other types are considered high-risk, causing cancer in different areas of the body including the cervix and vagina in women, penis in men, and anus and oropharynx in both men and women, according to the CDC.

That percentage jumped to more than 42 percent during 2013 to 2014 if any type of genital HPV was included, the CDC found.

About 23 percent of Americans between ages 18 and 59 have a version of the virus that puts them at risk of certain cancers, including prostate and cervical cancer. "It works very well and has been shown to block virtually all infections and diseases related to the HPV types it covers".

Dr. Lois Ramondetta, a professor of gynecologic oncology at MD Anderson Cancer Center in Texas, told NBC News past year: "There is an epidemic of HPV related cancers in men, specifically those of the tonsil and the back of the tongue".

"We tend to overlook the fact that 20 percent of us are carrying the virus that can cause cancer", said Geraldine McQuillan, lead author of the report and a senior infectious disease epidemiologist in the Division of Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys at the CDC's National Center for Health Statistics. "People really need to realize that this is a serious concern".

The Gardasil vaccination is most effective if administered before a young person becomes sexually active.

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The study was conducted using Gardasil 9, a version of the vaccine approved by the Food and Drug Administration in late 2014.

'The way [the vaccine] was introduced in Australia and the United Kingdom was as a cancer vaccine, which is truly what it is. The program is newer for boys, however, and we expect this rate to increase over time.

According to Dr Electra Paskett, a cancer control researcher at The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center, some think vaccination encourages youth to become promiscuous.

The investigators found that during that time period, the prevalence of oral HPV for adults of both genders stood at just over 7 percent, while 4 percent of men and women had high-risk oral HPV.

"Carrageenans in a lubricant is a totally new approach to prevent HPV infection in those of any age", says Einstein.

This work, funded by the Scottish Government, is part of public health work in Scotland looking at the effect of the vaccine on levels of cervical lesions and cancer-related cell abnormalities.

The estimates for the strains that affect the throat are far lower, but still show men to be at greater risk: Among adults 18 to 69, 11.5 percent of men are infected, compared to 3.3 percent of women.

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